Glossary of Credential Program Options

<Back to Credential Program Finder>

Credential Types

Multiple Subjects - This credential allows one to teach in a self-contained K-12 classroom, usually at the elementary level. The credential also authorizes teaching in a core or team teaching setting, typically in middle school in grades five through eight, and also team teaching, which is usually found in elementary and middle schools.

Single Subject - A single subject teaching credential allows one to teach a specific subject in a departmentalized K-12 classroom, typically at the middle or secondary level.

Education Specialist - The special education credential allows one to teach in seven areas of specialization: Mild/Moderate Disabilities, Moderate/Severe Disabilities, Deaf and Hard of Hearing, Visual Impairments, Physical and Health Impairments, Early Childhood Special Education, and Language and Academic Development. This credential is a basic credential and does not require a prerequisite general education teaching credential. General education course work and field work are incorporated into the teacher preparation program.

Specialties (for Education Specialist credential holders)

Mild/Moderate Disabilities - This specialty area allows one to provide instructional services to students with specific learning disabilities such as mild to moderate mental retardation, other health impairments, serious emotional disturbance in grades K-12 and in classes organized primarily for adults through age 22.

Moderate/Severe Disabilities - The specialty area allows one to provide instructional services to students with learning disabilities such as autism, deaf-blindness, moderate to severe mental retardation, multiple disabilities, serious emotional disturbance in grades K-12 and in classes organized primarily for adults through age 22.

Early Childhood Special Education - The specialty area allows one to provide instructional services to students with learning disabilities such as mild/moderate, moderate/severe, and traumatic brain injury from ages birth to pre-kindergarten only.

Physical and Health Impairments - The specialty area allows one to provide instructional services to students with learning disabilities such as blindness, visual impairment, deaf-blindness, orthopedic impairment, other health impairment, multiple disabilities, traumatic brain injury from ages birth through 22.

Visual Impairments - The specialty area allows one to provide instructional services to students with learning disabilities such as blindness, visual impairment, deaf-blindness from ages birth through 22. 

Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing - The  specialty area allows one to provide instructional services to students with learning disabilities such as deafness, hearing impairment, deaf-blindness from ages birth through 22.

Language and Academic Development - The specialty area allows one to provide instructional services to students with academic communication and language needs to children in preschool, kindergarten, in grades 1-12 through age 22, and classes organized primarily for adults, but does not take the place of speech and language services as defined in Education Code section 56333.

Program Delivery Methods

Face-to-face - Credential students take all of the their teacher preparation courses in face-to-face settings on campus or at school sites. 

Online - Credential students take their teacher preparation courses online and interact with instructors and fellow students electronically or by phone. Students complete their student teaching with mentors in school settings. 

 Hybrid - Credential students take their teacher preparation courses in face-to-face settings and online. Students complete their student teaching with mentors in school settings. 

Student Teaching Format

Traditional - A teaching candidate who completes a student teaching experience under the guidance of a master teacher and a program supervisor. This student teaching/clinical experience is typically undertaken without pay.

Intern - A teaching candidate who completes a student teaching experience while employed in the classroom as the teacher of record.

Co-teaching - Two teachers working together with groups of students and sharing the planning, organization, delivery and assessment of instruction and physical space.

Residency - Teaching candidates typically receive financial supports such as a living stipend, health benefits, and tuition remission, which result in an employment offer in the district in which the residency was completed.

Masters Degree Option

A teacher preparation program that results in a teaching credential and masters degree.  

Undergraduate or Graduate

Undergraduate - Also referred to as "ITEP" (Integrated Teacher Education Programs), teaching candidates engage in subject matter, general education, and professional preparation concurrently, thereby completing all requirements for both a preliminary teaching credential and a baccalaureate degree simultaneously.

Post-graduate - Teaching candidates must already hold a baccalaureate degree. Additional requirements include satisfying a basic skills requirement, subject matter competency, knowledge of the U.S. Constitution (either by coursework or exam), and completing the fingerprint and professional fitness clearance process.

Bilingual Authorization

An authorization to provide specialized instruction to individuals for whom English is a second language. Specifically it authorizes instruction for 1) English Language Development (ELD) in preschool, K-12, and adults, 2) Specially Designed Academic Instruction Delivered in English (SDAIE) in the subjects and grade levels authorized by the prerequisite credential or permit, and 3) instruction for primary language development and content instruction delivered in the primary language in the subjects and grade levels authorized by the prerequisite credential or permit. May be issued based on completion of course work or examination. Formerly issued as standalone BCLAD Certificate or BCLAD emphasis added to multiple or single subject credentials.

<Back to Credential Program Finder>